Is A Stingray A Gnathostome? Exploring Their Evolutionary Connection
Pljournal2: You Are A Gnathostome
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What Are Some Examples Of Gnathostomes?
Gnathostomes, a group of vertebrates characterized by their hinged jaws, encompass a wide range of species found in various ecosystems. These creatures have played a significant role in the evolution of vertebrate life on Earth. Some well-known examples of gnathostomes include fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Fish, such as sharks, bony fish, and lampreys, are among the earliest and most diverse members of this group. Reptiles, including snakes, turtles, and lizards, showcase the evolutionary adaptations of gnathostomes to terrestrial environments. Birds, represented by diverse species like eagles, penguins, and sparrows, evolved from a lineage of reptilian ancestors, further highlighting the interconnectedness of gnathostome evolution. Lastly, mammals, encompassing a broad spectrum from tiny shrews to massive whales, are another distinctive branch of gnathostomes, known for their unique traits like hair, mammary glands, and live birth. Understanding these examples of gnathostomes sheds light on the fascinating diversity and complexity within the vertebrate world.
What Is A Gnathostome Fish?
A gnathostome fish, often referred to as a “jawed fish,” belongs to a group of vertebrates marked by a significant evolutionary development: the emergence of true jaws. This pivotal advancement is crucial in the overall history of vertebrate evolution. Gnathostomes represent a diverse category of aquatic creatures, and their acquisition of true jaws has allowed for more efficient feeding and predation, contributing to their survival and diversification. This evolutionary milestone is a defining characteristic of gnathostomes, making them distinct from their jawless relatives and an important subject in the study of vertebrate biology.
What Are The Examples Of Gnathostomata Fish?
The Gnathostomata is a taxonomic group that includes jawed vertebrates, which are a diverse and ancient group of animals. Within this group, there are several subgroups, each with its own unique examples. One subgroup, Chondrichthyes, consists of cartilaginous fish, and an example of this subgroup is the formidable great white shark. Another subgroup, Acanthodii, is now extinct, but an example from this group is Acanthodes bronni, which existed in the past. Additionally, there is the subgroup Osteichthyes, which includes bony fish. An example from this subgroup is the blue runner, a common species of bony fish. These diverse examples help us understand the different branches of jawed vertebrates within the Gnathostomata group.
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Chondrichthyan fishes (sharks, rays and ratfishes) represent one of the two primary divisions of extant gnathostomes, or jawed vertebrates (Carroll, 1988).Gnathostomes: Jawed Fishes
Gnathostomes, or “jaw-mouths,” are vertebrates that possess true jaws—a milestone in the evolution of the vertebrates.The jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes) fall into two major taxa, the Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes) and Osteichthyes (bony fishes). The latter taxon includes sarcopterygians (coelacanths, lungfishes, and tetrapods) and actinopterygians (ray-finned fishes).
|Subgroups of jawed vertebrates|
|Chondrichthyes||Great white shark|
|† Acanthodii (extinct)||Acanthodes bronni|
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